Add F1705 Alert to Cisco UCS Manager Plugin

New Cisco UCS firmware brings possibility to have notification about F1705 Alerts – Rank VLS.

In latest version of Cisco UCS Manager Plugin for VMware vSphere HTML Client (Version 3.0(6)) we could add Custom fault addition for proactive HA monitoring. How to do it?

Cisco UCS / Proactive HA Registration / Fault monitoring details / Add / ADDDC_Memory_Rank_VLS
Cisco UCS / Proactive HA Registration / Fault monitoring details / Add
Cisco UCS / Proactive HA Registration / vCenter server credentials / Register
Cisco UCS / Proactive HA Registration / Register
How Could I check it? Edit Proactive HA / Providers
It is better use Name “ADDDC_Memory_Rank_VLS” without spaces. On my picture I used “My F1705 Alerts”

Adding Custom Alert is only possible with unregistered Cisco UCS Provider, it is better to do it immediatly after Cisco UCS Manager Plugin instalation.

Now I can deceided If I will block F1705 or NOT. I personaly preffer to have F1705 Alert under Proactive HA. Then I only restart Blades with F1705. During reboot Hard-PPR permanently remaps accesses from a designated faulty row to a designated spare row.

Links:

Fastest workaround instructions to address CVE-2021-44228 (log4j) in vCenter Server

https://logging.apache.org/log4j/2.x/

Apache Log4j open source component has security bug (CVE-2021-44228 – VMSA-2021-0028). It is neccesary to fix vCenter Server 7.0.x, vCenter 6.7.x & vCenter 6.5.x.

Fastest and recommended is workaround with KB 87081 script (vc_log4j_mitigator.py).

Run ssh and create script via vim
Connected to service

    * List APIs: "help api list"
    * List Plugins: "help pi list"
    * Launch BASH: "shell"

Command> shell
Shell access is granted to root
root@localhost [ ~ ]# cd /tmp
root@localhost [ /tmp ]# vim vc_log4j_mitigator.py
Run script python vc_log4j_mitigator.py
root@localhost [ /tmp ]# python vc_log4j_mitigator.py
2021-12-21T10:38:20 INFO main: Script version: 1.6.0
2021-12-21T10:38:20 INFO main: vCenter type: Version: 7.0.2.00500; Build: 18455184; Deployment type: embedded; Gateway: False; VCHA: False; Windows: False;
A service stop and start is required to complete this operation.  Continue?[y]y
2021-12-21T10:38:23 INFO stop: stopping services
2021-12-21T10:38:46 INFO process_jar: Found a VULNERABLE FILE: /opt/vmware/lib64/log4j-core-2.13.0.jar
2021-12-21T10:38:46 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /opt/vmware/lib64/log4j-core-2.13.0.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/opt/vmware/lib64/log4j-core-2.13.0.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:38:47 INFO process_jar: VULNERABLE FILE: /opt/vmware/lib64/log4j-core-2.13.0.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/opt/vmware/lib64/log4j-core-2.13.0.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:03 INFO process_jar: Found a VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar
2021-12-21T10:39:03 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:04 INFO process_jar: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:04 INFO process_jar: Found a VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.8.2.jar
2021-12-21T10:39:04 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.8.2.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.8.2.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:04 INFO process_jar: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.8.2.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.8.2.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:06 INFO process_jar: Found a VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.11.0.jar
2021-12-21T10:39:06 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.11.0.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.11.0.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:06 INFO process_jar: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.11.0.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.11.0.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:07 INFO process_jar: Found a VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.11.2.jar
2021-12-21T10:39:07 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.11.2.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.11.2.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:07 INFO process_jar: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.11.2.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.11.2.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:08 INFO process_jar: Found a VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware/cis_upgrade_runner/payload/component-scripts/sso/lstool/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar
2021-12-21T10:39:08 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware/cis_upgrade_runner/payload/component-scripts/sso/lstool/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware/cis_upgrade_runner/payload/component-scripts/sso/lstool/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:08 INFO process_jar: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware/cis_upgrade_runner/payload/component-scripts/sso/lstool/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware/cis_upgrade_runner/payload/component-scripts/sso/lstool/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:14 INFO process_jar: Found a VULNERABLE FILE: /tmp/tmpn2a_0ql2/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.3.jar
2021-12-21T10:39:14 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /tmp/tmpn2a_0ql2/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.3.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/tmp/tmpn2a_0ql2/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.3.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:15 INFO process_war: Found a VULNERABLE WAR file with: /usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/webapps/vum-fileupload.war
2021-12-21T10:39:15 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/webapps/vum-fileupload.war backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/webapps/vum-fileupload.war.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:15 INFO process_war: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/webapps/vum-fileupload.war backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/webapps/vum-fileupload.war.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:15 INFO process_jar: Found a VULNERABLE FILE: /tmp/tmpxn5_4ah_/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.3.jar
2021-12-21T10:39:15 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /tmp/tmpxn5_4ah_/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.3.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/tmp/tmpxn5_4ah_/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.3.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:16 INFO process_war: Found a VULNERABLE WAR file with: /usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/webapps/root.war
2021-12-21T10:39:16 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/webapps/root.war backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/webapps/root.war.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:16 INFO process_war: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/webapps/root.war backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/webapps/root.war.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:16 INFO process_jar: Found a VULNERABLE FILE: /tmp/tmpa4w275ot/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.3.jar
2021-12-21T10:39:16 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /tmp/tmpa4w275ot/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.3.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/tmp/tmpa4w275ot/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.3.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:17 INFO process_war: Found a VULNERABLE WAR file with: /usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/webapps/vum-filedownload.war
2021-12-21T10:39:17 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/webapps/vum-filedownload.war backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/webapps/vum-filedownload.war.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:18 INFO process_war: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/webapps/vum-filedownload.war backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/webapps/vum-filedownload.war.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:21 INFO process_jar: Found a VULNERABLE FILE: /tmp/tmpxv_znca3/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar
2021-12-21T10:39:21 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /tmp/tmpxv_znca3/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/tmp/tmpxv_znca3/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:22 INFO process_war: Found a VULNERABLE WAR file with: /usr/lib/vmware-sso/vmware-sts/webapps/ROOT.war
2021-12-21T10:39:22 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-sso/vmware-sts/webapps/ROOT.war backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware-sso/vmware-sts/webapps/ROOT.war.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:24 INFO process_war: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-sso/vmware-sts/webapps/ROOT.war backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware-sso/vmware-sts/webapps/ROOT.war.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:25 INFO process_jar: Found a VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-sso/vmware-sts/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar
2021-12-21T10:39:25 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-sso/vmware-sts/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware-sso/vmware-sts/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:26 INFO process_jar: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-sso/vmware-sts/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware-sso/vmware-sts/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:28 INFO process_jar: Found a VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-dbcc/lib/log4j-core-2.8.2.jar
2021-12-21T10:39:28 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-dbcc/lib/log4j-core-2.8.2.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware-dbcc/lib/log4j-core-2.8.2.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:29 INFO process_jar: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-dbcc/lib/log4j-core-2.8.2.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware-dbcc/lib/log4j-core-2.8.2.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:32 INFO process_jar: Found a VULNERABLE FILE: /tmp/tmprq0yfnd1/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar
2021-12-21T10:39:32 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /tmp/tmprq0yfnd1/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/tmp/tmprq0yfnd1/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:33 INFO process_war: Found a VULNERABLE WAR file with: /usr/lib/vmware-lookupsvc/webapps/ROOT.war
2021-12-21T10:39:33 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-lookupsvc/webapps/ROOT.war backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware-lookupsvc/webapps/ROOT.war.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:34 INFO process_war: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-lookupsvc/webapps/ROOT.war backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware-lookupsvc/webapps/ROOT.war.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:34 INFO process_jar: Found a VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-lookupsvc/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar
2021-12-21T10:39:35 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-lookupsvc/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware-lookupsvc/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:35 INFO process_jar: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-lookupsvc/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware-lookupsvc/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:37 INFO _patch_file: Found VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-vmon/java-wrapper-vmon
2021-12-21T10:39:37 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-vmon/java-wrapper-vmon backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware-vmon/java-wrapper-vmon.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:37 INFO patch_vum: Found a VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/start.ini
2021-12-21T10:39:37 INFO backup_file: VULNERABLE FILE: /usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/start.ini backed up to /tmp/tmpxi89fco8/usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/start.ini.bak
2021-12-21T10:39:37 INFO print_summary:
=====     Summary     =====
Backup Directory: /tmp/tmpxi89fco8
List of processed java archive files:

/opt/vmware/lib64/log4j-core-2.13.0.jar
/usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar
/usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.8.2.jar
/usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.11.0.jar
/usr/lib/vmware/common-jars/log4j-core-2.11.2.jar
/usr/lib/vmware/cis_upgrade_runner/payload/component-scripts/sso/lstool/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar
/usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/webapps/vum-fileupload.war
/usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/webapps/root.war
/usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/webapps/vum-filedownload.war
/usr/lib/vmware-sso/vmware-sts/webapps/ROOT.war
/usr/lib/vmware-sso/vmware-sts/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar
/usr/lib/vmware-dbcc/lib/log4j-core-2.8.2.jar
/usr/lib/vmware-lookupsvc/webapps/ROOT.war
/usr/lib/vmware-lookupsvc/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/lib/log4j-core-2.13.1.jar

List of processed configuration files:

/usr/lib/vmware-vmon/java-wrapper-vmon
/usr/lib/vmware-updatemgr/bin/jetty/start.ini

Total fixed: 16

    NOTE: Running this script again with the --dryrun
    flag should now yield 0 vulnerable files.

Log file: /var/log/vmsa-2021-0028_2021_12_21_10_38_20.log
===========================
2021-12-21T10:39:37 INFO start: starting services
2021-12-21T10:52:47 INFO main: Done.
Verify python vc_log4j_mitigator.py -r
root@localhost [ /tmp ]# python vc_log4j_mitigator.py -r
2021-12-21T11:10:01 INFO main: Script version: 1.6.0
2021-12-21T11:10:01 INFO main: vCenter type: Version: 7.0.2.00500; Build: 18455184; Deployment type: embedded; Gateway: False; VCHA: False; Windows: False;
2021-12-21T11:10:01 INFO main: Running in dryrun mode.
2021-12-21T11:11:01 INFO print_summary:
=====     Summary     =====

No vulnerable files found!

Total found: 0
Log file: /var/log/vmsa-2021-0028_2021_12_21_11_10_01.log
===========================
2021-12-21T11:11:01 INFO main: Done.

vc_log4j_mitigator.py [-h] – helps and more options

root@localhost [ /tmp ]# python vc_log4j_mitigator.py -h
usage: vc_log4j_mitigator.py [-h] [-d dirnames [dirnames ...]] [-a] [-r] [-b BACKUP_DIR] [-l LOG_DIR]

VMSA-2021-0028 vCenter tool; Version: 1.6.0 This tool deletes the JndiLookup.class file from *.jar and *.war files. On Windows systems the tool will by default traverse the folders identified by the VMWARE_CIS_HOME, VMWARE_CFG_DIR, VMWARE_DATA_DIR and VMWARE_RUNTIME_DATA_DIR
variables. On vCenter Appliances the tool will search by default from the root of the filesystem. All modified files are backed up if the process needs to be reversed due to an error.

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -d dirnames [dirnames ...], --directories dirnames [dirnames ...]
                        space separated list of directories to check recursively for CVE-2021-44228 vulnerable java archive files.
  -a, --accept-services-restart
                        accept the restart of the services without having manual prompt confirmation for the same
  -r, --dryrun          Run the script and log vulnerable files without mitigating them. The vCenter services are not restarted with this option.
  -b BACKUP_DIR, --backup-dir BACKUP_DIR
                        Specify a backup directory to store original files.
  -l LOG_DIR, --log-dir LOG_DIR
                        Specify a directory to store log files.

Links:

NSX-T Edge design guide for Cisco UCS

How to design NSX-T Edge inside Cisco UCS? I can’t find it inside Cisco Design Guide. But I find usefull topology inside Dell EMC VxBlock™ Systems, VMware® NSX-T Reference Design  and NSX-T 3.0 Edge Design Step-by-Step UI workflow. Thanks DELL and VMware …

VMware® NSX-T Reference Design

  • VDS Design update – New capability of deploying NSX on top of VDS with NSX
  • VSAN Baseline Recommendation for Management and Edge Components
  • VRF Based Routing and other enhancements
  • Updated security functionality
  • Design changes that goes with VDS with NSX
  • Performance updates

NSX-T 3.0 Edge Design Step-by-Step UI workflow

This document is an informal document that walks through the step-by-step deployment and configuration workflow for NSX-T Edge Single N-VDS Multi-TEP design.  This document uses NSX-T 3.0 UI to show the workflow, which is broken down into following 3 sub-workflows:

  1. Deploy and configure the Edge node (VM & BM) with Single-NVDS Multi-TEP.
  2. Preparing NSX-T for Layer 2 External (North-South) connectivity.
  3. Preparing NSX-T for Layer 3 External (North-South) connectivity.

NSX-T Design with EDGE VM

  • Under Teamings – Add 2 Teaming Policies: one with Active Uplink as “uplink-1” and other with “uplink-2”.
  • Make a note of the policy name used, as we would be using this in the next section. In this example they are “PIN-TO-TOR-LEFT” and “PIN-TO-TOR-RIGHT”.

How to design NSX-T Edge inside Cisco UCS?

Cisco Fabric Interconnect using Port Chanel. You need high bandwith for NSX-T Edge load.

C220 M5 could solved it.

The edge node physical NIC definition includes the following

  • VMNIC0 and VMNIC1: Cisco VIC 1457
  • VMNIC2 and VMNIC3: Intel XXV710 adapter 1 (TEP and Overlay)
  • VMNIC4 and VMNIC4: Intel XXV710 adapter 2 (N/S BGP Peering)
NSX-T transport nodes with Cisco UCS C220 M5
Logical topology of the physical edge host

Or for PoC or Lab – Uplink Eth Interfaces

For PoC od HomeLAB We could use Uplink Eth Interfaces and create vNIC template linked to these uplink.

Links:

How to Boot ESXi 7.0 on UCS-M2-HWRAID Boot-Optimized M.2 RAID Controller

VMware strongly advises that you move away completely from using SD card/USB as a boot device option on any future server hardware.

SD cards can continue to be used for the bootbank partition provided that a separate persistent local device to store the OSDATA partition (32GB min., 128GB recommended) is available in the host.
Preferably, the SD cards should be replaced with an M.2 or another local persistent device as the standalone boot option.

vSphere 7 – ESXi System Storage Changes

Please refer to the following blog:
https://core.vmware.com/resource/esxi-system-storage-changes

How to setup ESXi boot on UCS-M2-HWRAID ?

Create Disk Group Policies – Storage / Storage Policies / root / Disk Group Policies / M.2-RAID1

Create Storage Profile – Storage / Storage Profiles / root / Storage Profile M.2-RAID1

Create Local LUNs – Storage / Storage Profiles / root / Storage Profile M.2-RAID1

Modify Storage Profile inside Service Profile

Change Boot Order to Local Disk

Links

VMSA-2021-0028 & Log4j: What You Need to Know

VMSA-2021-0028 & Log4j: What You Need to Know

VMware has released a new critical security advisory, VMSA-2021-0028, in response to the industry-wide issue regarding the open source Apache Software Foundation log4j Java logging component, which was discovered to have a critical vulnerability (CVE-2021-44228). Because the log4j component […]


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Announcing NSX-T 3.2: Innovations in…

Announcing NSX-T 3.2: Innovations in Multi-Cloud Security, Networking, and Operations

Announcing NSX-T 3.2: Innovations in…

We’re excited to announce the general availability of VMware NSX-T 3.2, one of the largest NSX releases so far. NSX-T 3.2 includes key innovations across multi-cloud security, scale-out networking for containers, VMs, and physical workloads. It also delivers simplified operations that help enterprises achieve a one-click, public cloud experience wherever their workloads are deployed. Strong Multi-Cloud Security NSX-T 3.2 provides strong, multi-cloud, easy-to-operationalize network defenses…Read More


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My journey to Certified Kubernetes Administrator (CKA)

The Journey Is More Important Than the Destination.

  • CKA is the most touching exam I have passed.
  • The Journey Is More Important Than the Destination.
  • Fastest practice skills are crutial.
  • Have fun.

My tips

Use kubectl Cheat Sheet

Kubectl autocomplete – BASH

source <(kubectl completion bash) # setup autocomplete in bash into the current shell, bash-completion package should be installed first.
echo "source <(kubectl completion bash)" >> ~/.bashrc # add permanently

You can also use a shorthand alias for kubectl that also works with completion:

alias k=kubectl
complete -F __start_kubectl k

Kubectl apply 

kubectl apply -f ./my-manifest.yaml            # create resource(s)

Interacting with running Pods

# Run pod nginx and write its spec into a file called pod.yaml
kubectl run nginx --image=nginx --dry-run=client -o yaml > pod.yaml

#Better usage with $do
export do="–dry-run=client -o yaml"
kubectl run nginx --image=nginx $do > pod.yaml

Great Vim

vi ~/.vimrc
set ts=2 sw=2 expandtab ruler

Use tmux

A Ctrl+B Cheat Sheet

Session Commands
  • S: List sessions.
Window Commands
  • C: Create a new window.
  • N: Move to the next window.
  • P: Move to the previous window.
Pane Commands
  • %: Create a horizontal split.
  • “: Create a vertical split.
  • X: Close the current pane.